Levada do Caldeirão Verde
This trail, along an astonishing feat of engineering from the 18th century, begins in Queimadas Forestry park and winds along the walkways of Levada do Caldeirão Verde, at 980 m above sea level, in the municipality of Santana.
Built for agricultural purposes, the levada leads the walker into the deep valley of Ribeira de São Jorge, offering spectacular views of the mountainous terrain of the interior of the island and of human ingenuity.
The species found along the trail include excellent specimens of Japanese cedars (Cryptomeria japonica), european beeches (Fagus sylvatica), Canary Island junipers (Juniperus cedrus), lily-of-the-valley tree (Clethra arborea), Madeira blueberry (Vaccinium padifolium), Pau branco or southern olive (Picconia excelsa) and ancient heath shrubs (Erica scoparia).
Species of indigenous birds include the Madeiran chaffnch (Fringilla coelebs madeirensis), the Madeira frecrest (Regulus ignicapillus madeirensis) and the Madeira laurel pigeon (Columba trocaz).
After you pass through the trail’s 4 tunnels, Caldeirão Verde appears on the left. To reach Caldeirão Verde, a lagoon formed by water that falls vertically from the stream from a height of approximately 100 m, one has only to climb a few metres along the stream bed.
Distance: 6,5 km (+ 6.5 km return)
Highest point: 980 m
Lowest point: 890 m
Start: Queimadas Forestry Park
Finish: Queimadas Forestry Park
Recommendations: Take warm clothing, non-slip footwear, a torch for the tunnels and drinking water.
Access: Only by car